Essentials of Polity and Governance in India

Essentials of Polity and Governance in India

Essentials of Polity and Governance in India

Seamlessly integrating the pre-independence Indian national movement with the updated political developments of post-independent India (upto the recent NITI Aayog),...

  • ISBN: 9789383454419
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  • Author N.D. Arora
  • Publisher Access Publishing India Pvt Ltd
  • Binding Paperback
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Seamlessly integrating the pre-independence Indian national movement with the updated political developments of post-independent India (upto the recent NITI Aayog), Essentials of Polity and Governance in India traverses India�s fascinating political journey in a carefully structured, calibrated and sequential manner. Prepared by an eminent author with decades of teaching and writing experience, the book is a wholesome updated reference on topics related to India�s political and constitutional developments. For aspirants appearing in the civil services and various other competitive examinations, this is a ready reference manual that would immensely support their preparation. Salient Features
  • Covers key events and landmarks in India�s political journey from the British era upto the Modi government
  • Introductory section on Indian National Movement
  • Events updated upto the recent Niti Aayog and the 99th Amendment Act (NJAC Bill)
  • 700 MCQs with select explanatory notes

    PART I : INDIAN NATIONAL MOVEMENT
    Key topics covered
  • Indian Nationalism: Moderates and Extremists
  • Home Rule Movement
  • Non-Cooperation and Civil Disobedience
  • Mountbatten Plan and the transfer of power

    Part II: INDIAN POLITY AND GOVERNANCE
    Key topics covered
  • The framing of the Constitution of India (Source, Process, Structure, Features etc)
  • Legislature, Executive and Judiciary
  • Concept of Federalism
  • Urban-Rural Administration (Panchayati Raj)
  • Statutory Commissions and Functionaries
  • Public Policies
  • 99th Amendment Act, NITI Aayog
About the Author

N. D. Arora
is formerly Associate Professor, PGDAV College, University of Delhi. A popular author with over a dozen books, Dr Arora has 40 years of teaching experience.

Table of Contents

Preface
Part - I
Indian National Movement
1. Birth and Growth of Indian Nationalism
A. Factors Responsible for Evolution of the National Movement
B. Pre-Congress Organisations C. Reforms and Revolts

2. Birth and Growth of The Indian National Congress:
The Moderates
A. Formation of the Indian National Congress (INC)
B. Indian National Congress : The Moderates (1885-1905)

3. Indian National Congress: The Extremists and
The Revolutionaries
A. The Rise of Extremism in India: Factors
B. The Extremists: Objectives, Methods and Achievements
C. The Moderates and the Extremists: A Comparison
D. The Revolutionaries in India
(a) Bengal
(b) Maharashtra
(c) Punjab
(d) Madras, Rajasthan etc.

4. The Indian National Congress: Reunion and Alliance
A. Reunion between the Moderates and the Extremists
B. The Lucknow Pact
C. World War I and Revolutionary Activities Abroad

5. The Indian Home Rule Movement
A. The Madras and Poona Leagues
B. Joint Efforts of Tilak and Besant
C. Significance of the Movement

Contents

6. The Indian National Movement 1917-1947
A. Communalism : The Muslim League and its Activities
B. Montagu Declaration and The Government of India Act, 1919
C. Towards the Non-cooperation Movement
D. Mahatma Gandhi and Non-Cooperation Movement
(i) Gandhi — His life and His Ideals
(ii) Non-cooperation Movement (1920-1922)

7. Between Non-Cooperation and Civil Disobedience
A. The Swaraj Party
B. Simon Commission, 1927
C. All-Parties Conference and Nehru Report
D. Post-Nehru Report Events: Revolutionary Activities,
Irwin’s Declaration and Delhi Manifesto
E. 1929 – Lahore Session of Congress: Purna Swaraj Resolution
F. Civil Disobedience Movement and After
(i) The Dandi March
(ii) The Round-Table Conferences and Gandhi-Irwin Pact
(iii) The Gandhi-Irwin or the Delhi Pact - 1931
(iv) Second Round Table Conference : 1931
(v) The Communal Award
(vi) Civil Disobedience Movement : Resumption and Suspension
G. The Third Round Table Conference and the White Paper

8. The Government of India Act—1935, The Congress
Ministries, and W
orld War II
A. The Government of India Act, 1935
B. World War II
C. Nationalist Politics (Inside India)

9. Indian National Movement 1940-1947
A. August Offer, 1940
B. Individual Satyagraha, 1940
C. Cripps Proposals, 1942
(i) Proposals relating to long term settlement (Post-war arrangements)
(ii) Proposals relating to the interim settlement (Immediate present)
D. Between the Two Missions : Quit India Movement, C.R. Formula, Wavell Plan
E. Subhash Chandra Bose, INA Trial And Naval Revolt
F. Cabinet Mission Plan, Mountbatten Plan and India’s Independence Act
(i) Recommendations for a long-term settlement
(ii) Proposals for Constitution-making machinery
(iii) British-Indian Treaty
(iv) Recommendations for short term Plan (Interim Government)
G. India Wins Freedom
Multiple Choice Questions
(ii) Contents

Part - II

Indian Polity and Governance
1. The British Rule and India’s Constitutional Development
I. Company’s Regime and Its Impact
II. Rule of the British Government : Its Impact on India
III. Constitutional Development: Evolution and Growth
III(a) The Government of India Act, 1858
III(b) The Indian Councils Act, 1861
III(c) The Indian Councils Act, 1892
III(d) The Indian Councils Act, 1909
III(e) The Government of India Act, 1919
III(f) The Government of India Act, 1935
III(g) The Indian Independence Act, 1947

2. The Constituent Assembly of India: Framers’
Preception of India’s Constitution
I. The Constituent Assembly of India and Its Working
II. Framers’ 1950 Constitution
III. Dr. Ambedker’s Defence of the Constitution
IV. Dr. Ambedker and the 1950 Constitution
V. Sources of the Indian Constitution
1. From the Constitution of the United Kingdom
2. From the Constitution of the United States of America
3. From the Constitution of Canada
4. From the Constitution of the Irish Free State
5. From the Constitution of Ireland
6. From the Weimer Constitution of Germany
7. From the Constitution of the Union of South Africa (1910)
8. From the Constitution of France
9. From the Constitution of Australia
10. From the Constitution of the USSR (now Russia)
11. From the Constitution of Japan

3. The Indian Constitution: A Textual Introduction
I. Constitution —— Meaning, Definition and Role
II. Constitution : Numerous Types
III. World Constitutions : An Overview
IV. The Constitutions of India — A Brief Introduction: Article-wise

4. The Constitution Of India: Preamble, Features, Citizenship
I. The Preamble of the Constitution
II. Features of the Constitution
III. Citizenship
Contents (iii)

5. Amendment Procedure In India’s Constitution:
Concept of Basic Structure
I. Amendment : Its Meaning
II. Procedure of Amendment of the Constitution
(a) Article 368 : Power of the Parliament to Amend the Constitution and
Procedure therefore : The 368 article reads
(b) Amendment to be made by Parliament through Simple Majority
(c) Amendments through the State Governments
(d) Other Provisions
III. Constitutional Amendments In India
IV. Amendments in India : An Evaluation
V. Concept of Basic Structure

6. Parliamentary System In India
I. Features of Parliamentary System
II. Parliamentary System in India

7. Federalism In India
I. Federal Features of India’s Constitution
II. Unitary Tendencies in India’s Constitution
III. Deviations from the Federal Path : India’s Case
IV. India’s Asymmetrical Federalism

8. Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles and
Fundamental Duties and Rights Issues
I. Fundamental Rights
(i) Background
(ii) The Constituent Assembly Debates and Fundamental Rights
(iii) Fundamental Rights
(iv) Specific Fundamental Rights
2(a) Right to Freedom
2(b) Protection in respect of Conviction for Offences
2(c) Protection of Life and Personal Liberty
2(d) Article : 21A Right to Education
2(e) Article : 22 Safeguards against Arbitrary Arrest and Detention
3. Right Against Exploitation
4. Right to Freedom of Religion
5. Cultural and Educational Rights
6. Right to Property — now omitted as a Fundamental Right
7. Right to Constitutional Remedies
II. Fundamental Rights : Evaluatory Aspects
(i) Fundamental Rights : Characteristics
(ii) The Supreme Court and the Fundamental Rights
(iii) The Amendability of the Fundamental Rights
(iv) Contents
III. Directive Principles of State Policy
(a) Directive Principles of State Policy : General
(b) Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles
(c) Implementation of the Directive Principles
(d) Directive Principles : Concluding Remarks
IV. Fundamental Duties
V. Rights Issues
(i) Women’s issues and their Rights
(ii) Children’s Issues and their Rights and Welfare Programmes
(iii) Scheduled Castes/Tribes — Issues and their Rights
(iv) Other Backward Classes — Issues and Their Rights
(v) Minorities in India — Issues and their Rights
(vi) The Elderly in India – Issues and their Rights
(vii) The Disabled in India – Issues and Their Rights
(viii) Know Your Rights
(2) Human Rights Abused
(3) Citizens Rights : One should know them

9. The Government at The National Level
(A) The Executive in India
(1) The President of India
(2) The Vice-President of India THE VICE-PRESDENTS
(3) The Council of Ministers (The Cabinet) and the Prime Minister

10. The Government in The States
A The State Executive

11. Administration National Level
A: The State Executive
(a) The Cabinet Committees
(b) Cabinet Secretariat
(c) The Central Secretariat
(d) The Prime Minister’s Office

12. The Legislatures in India
(A) The Parliament
(i) The Rajya Sabha (The Council of States)
(ii) The Lok Sabha (The House of the People)
(iii) How is a Member Disqualified?
(iv) Officers of the Parliament
(v) How Do the Houses Function?
(vi) Privileges of the Members of the Parliament
(B) Bills and Legislative Procedures in Parliament
(i) How does a Bill become an Act?
(A) A Oridnary Bill
(B) Money Bill and Budget
(C) State legislatures in India
Contents (v)

13. Judiciary In India
(a) The Supreme Court of India
(B) The Supreme Court : Jurisdiction
(c) The Supreme Court of India : Role
(D) The High Courts in India
(E) Judicial Review and Judicial Activism
(F) Subordinate Courts
(G) The Lok Adalat
(H) NALSA, Free Legal Aid and Public Interest Litigation

14. Union Territories, Scheduled Areas, Tribal Areas
(A) Union Territories
(B) Scheduled Areas
(C) Tribal Areas

15. Grassroots Democracy: The Urban-Rural Administration
(A) Urban Local Administration in India
(B) Urban Administration and 74th Amendment
(c) Panchayati Raj System : An Overview
(d) Rural Administration and the 73rd Amendment : Panchayati Raj Institutions

16. Commissions and Functionaries:
Constitutional/Statutory/Extra-Constitutional
(A) The Election Commission
(B) Comptroller and Auditor-General of India
(C) Finance Commission
(D) Union Public Service Commission
(E) National Commission for Scheduled Castes
(F) National Commission for Scheduled Tribes
(G) National Commission for Women
(H) National Human Rights Commission
(I) National Commssion for Minorities
(J) National Backward Classes Commission
(K) Other Commissions
(a) Central Vigilance Commission
(b) Central Information Commission
(c) Competition Commission
(d) National Commission for Religious and Linguistic Minorities (NCRLM)
(e) National Knowledge Commission (NKC)
(vi) Contents

17. Public Policies: Programmes And Schemes
(a) Introduction
(B) Public Policy : Major Public Policies
1. National Policy on Agriculture
2. National Policy on Education
3. National Health Policy, 2002
4. Industrial Policy
5. National Environment Policy (2006)
6. Schemes with regard to Employment, Housing and Assistance
7. National Policy for Older Persons (1999)
8. National Policy for Women (2001)
9. National Youth Policy (2003)
10. National Policy for Children (2013)
C. Programmes Schemes for Certain Sections of Society

18. Miscellaneous
(A) Union-States Relations in India
(i) Legislative Relations between the Centre and the States
(ii) Administrative Relations between the Centre and the States
(iii) Financial Relations between the Centre and the States
(B) Centre-State Relations Commissions: The Punchhi Commission
(C) Zonal Councils
(D) Funds : Consolidated, Contingency, Public Account
(i) Consolidated Fund of India
(ii) Contingency Fund of India
(iii) Public Account of India
(E) Inter-State Council
(F) Bureaucracy in India: Role
(G) Jammu and Kashmir : Special Status
(H) Anti-Defection Law (1985)
(I) Political Parties in India
(J) Indian Foreign Policy
(K) Elections in India
(L) Interest and Pressure Groups in India
(M) Right to Information Act
(N) Electoral System in India
1. Delimitation Commission
2. Reservation of Seats
3. India’s Election Commission
3. Eligibility of the Voter
4. The Electoral Roll
5. Photo Identity Cards
6. Holding of Elections
Contents (vii)
7. Scheduling the Election
8. Contestants and Candidates
9. Election Campaign
10. Polling Days
11. Ballot Papers & Symbols
12. Procedure of Casting Votes
13. Political Parties and Elections
14. Supervision of Elections and Observers
15. Counting of Votes
16. Election Petitions
17. The Electronic Voting Machine
(O) Languages in India
(P) Niti Aayog
• NITI Aayog will Comprise Structure:
• New Role: Functions or NITI Aayog
• Guiding Principles of NITI Aayog
• NITI Aayog – A Vehicle of Good Governance
• Exclusive: Major objectives of NITI Aayog
Multiple Choice Questions

 
Author N.D. Arora
ISBN 9789383454419
Langauage English
Pages 544
Publisher Access Publishing India Pvt Ltd
Binding Paperback

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